In 27 AD Pliny the Elder wrote of "Fiugi inter collium Ernicorum acquam saluberrimam...". The virtues of the waters of this ancient village set in the heart of the Ciociaria were well known even in classical antiquity. Generations and generations of visitors have drunk from their sources, seeking the extraordinary benefits that they continue to offer even two thousand years later.
The earliest history of Fiuggi goes back to the XI century, when it was known as Anticoli di Campagna. The decision to change its name was suggested nine centuries later by Pietro Martini, a municipal councillor, and supported by a second councillor, Enrico Ludovici. In 1911, following the approval of the request, the change of name was authorised. "Frugi", since the classical era, has meant "the place where the water gushes out". This is an area rich with the lush green of chestnut trees and in whose undergrowth grow luxuriant ferns that in local slang and dialect are called "feuci" or "frugi".
Not to be missed
Visiting the streets of this splendid medieval village brings one into contact with some of the principal artistic and architectural treasures of the town. Fine examples include the "Chiesa di San Biagio", constructed in around 1100 and then later rebuilt in a Baroque style, and housing two beautiful paintings, "Madonna in Trono" by G. Cesari and "S. Lorenzo che battezza S. Biagio" by G.B. Speranza, as well as a XIII century fresco of the "Madonna with Child" (Madonna col Bambino). Also worth mentioning are the "Chiesa di Santa Chiara" (also known by the name of "S. Domenico di Cocullo"), the "Porta della Portella" and the "Chiesa di San Pietro Apostolo". Finally, the "Cappella dei Cappuccini" is located 2.5 km from Fiuggi on the road leading to the Arcinazzo Plateau, in a beautiful and striking location.
The buildings dating from the early 1900s are also very interesting, in particular those in Art Nouveau style such as the Villino Breda in the historic centre, as well as nearly the whole of the area known as the "Zona Villini".
The creations of the architect Garibaldi Burba are also notable, and include the "Chiesa Regina Pacis", the "Fonte Bonifacio VIII" and the "Grande Albergo Palazzo della Fonte" - one of the most prestigious in Europe.
Fiuggi has an active artistic and cultural life at all times of the year, but this reaches a peak during the summer months.
Shows play an important role in all their forms; the special evenings and events attract famous national and international names, rotating between festivals taking place in the Piazza del Borgo or the PalaTerme. Those preferring a more classical style should attend the Festival Enrico Simbruino or theatrical performances such as those of the Café du Parc.